The Royal Line of Succession

We have a hereditary monarchy, whereby the Crown passes by succession from one sovereign to another. The system is based on the rules of the inheritance of land and, until 2011, on primogeniture.

When the Romans left in 410, the country entered a period with little recordings of life there, it became known as the ‘Dark Ages’.
Once the protection of Rome ceased the country was invaded by Angles, Saxon and Jutes all who created their own kingdoms, these were known as the Saxon Heptarchy. Egbert the King of Wessex gradually subdued them, until in the ninth century, he was acknowledged as the King of All England.


Kings of All England

SAXON & VIKING
  829-839  ~  Egbert ~ First King of all England
  839-855  ~  Ethelwulf
  855-860  ~  Ethelbald
  860-866  ~  Ethelbert
  866-871  ~  Ethelred
  871-899  ~  Alfred [the Great]
  899-924  ~  Edward I [the Elder]
  924-939  ~  Athelstan
  939-946  ~  Edmund I [the Magnificent]
  946-955  ~  Edred
  955-959  ~  Edwy [the Fair]
  959-975  ~  Edgar [the Peaceful]
  975-979  ~  Edward II [the Martyr]
  979-1013  ~  Ethelred II [the Unready]
1013-1014  ~  Forkbeard
1014-1016  ~  Ethelred II [the Unready]
1016            ~  Edmund II [Ironside]
1016-1035  ~  Canute [the Great]
1035-1037  ~  Harold I [Harefoot] ~ Joint King with brother
1035-1042  ~  Hardicanute
1042-1066  ~  Edward III [the Confessor]
1066            ~  Harold II ~ Killed at Hastings

NORMAN
1066-1087  ~  William I [the Conqueror] ~ Doomsday Book
1087-1100  ~  William II [Rufus]
1100-1135  ~  Henry I [Beauclerc]
1135-1154  ~  Stephen I

PLANTAGENET
1154-1189  ~  Henry II [Curtmantle] ~ death of Thomas Beckett
1189-1199  ~  Richard I [Lionheart]  ~ Third Crusade
1199-1216  ~  John I [Lackland] ~ Magna Carta
1216-1272  ~  Henry III
1272-1307  ~  Edward I [Longshanks]
1307-1327  ~  Edward II

LANCASTER & YORK
1327-1377  ~  Edward III ~ Order of the Garter
1377-1399  ~  Richard II
1399-1413  ~  Henry IV
1413-1422  ~  Henry V ~ Agincourt
1422-1461  ~  Henry VI ~ Wars of the Roses
1462-1483  ~  Edward IV
1483            ~  Edward V ~ Princes of the Tower
1483-1485  ~  Richard III

TUDOR
1485-1509  ~  Henry VII
1509-1547  ~  Henry VIII ~ Church of England
1547-1553  ~  Edward VI
1553-1558  ~  Mary I ~ Bloody Mary
1558-1603  ~  Elizabeth I ~ Spanish Armada

STUART
1603-1625  ~  James I ~ James VI of Scotland
1625-1649  ~  Charles I ~ beheaded after Civil War
[1659-1660     Commonwealth ~ Cromwell Lord Protector]
1660-1685  ~  Charles II ~ Plague & Fire of London
1685-1689  ~  James II
1689-1702  ~  William III & Mary II ~ Prince of Orange
1702-1714  ~  Anne

GEORGIAN [Hanoverian]
1714-1727  ~  George I ~ Terms of Settlement of 1701
1727-1760  ~  George II
1760-1820  ~  George III ~ Napoleonic Wars & USA
1820-1830  ~  George IV ~ Prince Regent
1830-1837  ~  William IV

Saxe-Coburg and Gotha *
1837-1901  ~  Victoria ~ *Hanover does not allow Queens
1901-1910  ~  Edward VII ~ Entente Cordiale

WINDSOR
1910-1936  ~  George V ~ changed name during WW1
1936            ~  Edward VIII ~ Abdicated
1936-1952  ~  George VI ~ WW2
1952 >         ~ Elizabeth II

Future Assured ~ Three Generations in waiting
Heir Apparent ~ HRH The Prince of Wales Charles, Philip, Arthur, George
2nd HRH The Duke of Cambridge William, Arthur, Philip, Louis
3rd HRH Prince George of Cambridge, George, Alexander, Louis